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Investing in seed and startup companies is extremely risky: Angel investors typically realize about 85 percent of their total portfolio returns from 15 percent of their portfolio companies. Consequently, angels look only for companies that can grow rapidly. Entrepreneurs who pursue less aggressive growth are unlikely to attract angel investors.
This informative piece explains a well-known method that venture capitalists use to determine "post-money valuation," which is a company's valuation at the time of investment. Perhaps more important, it provides valuable insights into why the returns expected by investors are often perceived as "too high" by entrepreneurs.
Valuation negotiations between entrepreneurs and investors are often contentious. Such valuations rarely stray from the $1 million to $3 million range for seed/startup companies that angels expect to grow to $50 million to $100 million over five to eight years. Angels are most concerned about the management team's ability to rapidly grow the company and about helping the entrepreneur achieve these growth objectives.
As details regarding executive pay packages become more and more public, the best leaders are opting to make career choices that keep them out of the spotlight. This entrepreneur offers creative tips for finding and compensating the best executives in today's global marketplace.
Buyers and sellers of companies have different reasons for getting together.
Bradmer Pharmaceuticals, an American biotech company, chose to use the Toronto Venture Exchange's Capital Pool Company Program to raise cash in the public markets. The author shares his experience making the decision to list in the CPC program and his lessons learned.
London's Alternative Investment Market (AIM) is a credible alternative for U.S. companies looking for a market listing. As with any approach to IPO, U.S. companies should research AIM's advantages and disadvantages for listing compared with U.S. stock markets.
Entrepreneurs looking for seed capital should consider Toronto TSX Venture Exchange's Capital Pool Company (CPC) program, which allows companies to go public by merging with a CPC.
PIPES-or Private Investment in Public Equity-as a vehicle for companies to raise capital reverses the order of public filings from IPO or secondary offering. PIPES are a worthy alternative for raising public money but should be used selectively.
Terry Bruggeman shares the tale of leading his life sciences company through the decision to obtain capital. After exploring the funding options, including VC and IPO, Bruggeman and his team decide to undertake a reverse merger.
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