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During a round of investment in seed- (start-up) and early stage companies, angel investors typically invest from $25,000 to $100,000 each. The round usually totals between $250,000 and $1 million, and the company valuations run from $1 million to $3 million. Collectively, the angels purchase from 20 to 40 percent of a company’s equity and seek a return of 20-30x over five years.
Since the Internet bubble burst, the pre-money valuations of seed-stage companies by venture capitalists have averaged between $1 million and $3 million. Angel investors tend to participate at earlier investment stages than VCs, so pre-money valuations for angel deals nearly always fall into this admittedly wide range. What factors within this range impact the valuation of a specific company?
The accompanying Valuation Worksheet provides entrepreneurs and investors with an empirical basis for deciding if a start-up company should be valued near the top or bottom of the range. It’s not designed to be used for definitive valuation calculations.
The Valuation Worksheet lists major factors and key issues to consider in judging the value of a seed (start-up) company. Note the following features:
Entrepreneurs can use the worksheet to gain insights into what investors are looking for in a fundable seed-stage company and to identify factors that justify higher pre-money valuations. The worksheet is also a roadmap on how entrepreneurs can improve the fundability of their enterprises and increase the pre-money valuation.
This tool provides a detailed look into the various sections of a cash flow statement. It also describes two methods used to calculate cash flow from operating activities, indirect and direct with examples that will give you an edge when it comes time to preparing a cash flow statement of your own.
This tool examines the process of developing an income statement and explains the meaning of the components of an income statement. When you are finished with this article, your understanding of income statements will give you greater insight into your company's growth and financial health.
When selling your company be sure you understand the offering price might not match the value of your company and the deal is probably more complex than it seems. Pitfalls include nature of a stock deal, stability of the purchasing company, and tax implications. Best advice: Cash is still king!
Whether it's to protect against a natural disaster, fire, or theft, backing up a companies electronic files is a necessity. Online backup services provide storage of valuable information at a location separate from the entrepreneur's company.
This tool will help you prepare answers to an investor's due diligence questions.
This resource provides a detailed overview of option pool management from the entrepreneur's perspective.
This sample term sheet for a Series A round of financing details the major points of a hypothetical investment deal for a first-round ?Series A Convertible Preferred Stock? financing.
This is a sample term sheet for a Series B round of financing.
This article provides detailed explanations of terms proposed in investor term sheets and the effects of these terms on the entrepreneur.
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